Australia is a autonomous country and mainland located in the Southern Hemisphere. It’s the world‘s sixth- largest country by total area and has a population of roughly 25 million people. The capital of Australia is Canberra and its largest megacity is Sydney. The sanctioned language is English and the currency is the Australian bone .
The indigenous population of Australia, the autochthons, have lived on the mainland for knockouts of thousands of times. The first recorded European sighting of the Australian landmass was in 1606 by Dutch tar Willem Janszoon. In 1770, British tar Captain James Cook claimed the east seacoast of Australia for the British Crown, and the colony of New South Wales was established in 1788.
Australia is a indigenous monarchy with a administrative republic. The current head of state is Queen Elizabeth II, represented by Governor- General David Hurley. The government is divided into three branches the superintendent, conforming of the Prime Minister and Cabinet; the legislative, conforming of the Federal Parliament; and the judicial, conforming of the High Court and other civil courts.
Australia is known for its different and unique foliage and fauna, including the kangaroo, koala, and eucalyptus tree. The Great hedge Reef, the world‘s largest coral reef system, is also located off the seacoast of Australia. The country is also notorious for its strands, comeuppance, and hinterland regions.
The frugality of Australia is one of the most advanced and stable in the world, with a focus on diligence similar as mining, husbandry, and tourism. The country is also a leading exporter of natural coffers, including coal, iron ore, and gold.
In recent times, Australia has been active in transnational affairs, particularly in the Asia- Pacific region. The country is a member of the United Nations, G20, Commonwealth of Nations, ANZUS, and the World Trade Organization, among others